Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums, which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches.
Often, you’ll go symptomless as infections in the bone and gums gradually destroy the support for your tooth. Periodontal treatment is needed when conditions affect the health of your gums and the jawbone regions that hold your teeth in place.
Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Bacteria in the plaque will produce toxins and poisons that cause inflammation. When you prolong the irritation, your gums begin to separate from the teeth, which causes pockets to form.
Without treatment, the supporting tissue and bone that holds teeth in place will deteriorate, which leads to tooth loss. By age 45, more than 80 percent of Americans experience periodontal disease to the teeth, gum, or jawbone.