What Causes Swollen Gums?

What Causes Swollen Gums?

If you’re feeling gum pain for an unexplained reason, then it’s possible that you have swollen gums. Inflamed gums take on a red-colored hue because of the increased blood flow they experience, and it is also common for them to bleed. In addition, bleeding gums can be a symptom of more serious oral health problems, meaning that it is important to take action and treat them as soon as possible. Here is an overview of five potential causes of swollen gums.

Gum Disease

Gingivitis is one of the most common causes of swollen gums, which is a gum disease caused by poor oral hygiene that allows dental plaque to accumulate on teeth and the gums. While mild at first, gingivitis can develop into periodontal disease if left untreated, which can lead to tooth loss and other serious health problems. To prevent such severe gum diseases from happening, it’s important to partake in good dental hygiene and schedule routine dental cleanings.

Improper Brushing

Although brushing and flossing your teeth is integral to good oral hygiene, it can potentially cause swollen gums if you do so incorrectly. Those who brush and floss too hard can accidentally hurt their gums, causing them to swell. It may also be beneficial to switch to a different type of toothpaste, as some are made with ingredients that can help soothe gum inflammation.

Stuck Food

Getting food stuck in between your teeth isn’t just annoying — it can potentially cause swollen gums too. Food particles that become lodged in your gums will press up against them and cause irritation, which might potentially lead to swelling. Should this happen to you, try to dislodge the stuck food by brushing, flossing, and washing water inside your mouth.

An Infected Tooth

Infected teeth are another potential cause of swollen gums. They can occur because of a bacterial or viral infection, including herpes and many others. While all tooth infections should be taken seriously, dental abscesses in particular should never be neglected. This bacterial infection forms a pocket of pus and holds the tooth in place but it can also occur in the gums, which is referred to as a periodontal abscess. Given how painful and serious a dental abscess can be, it is important to seek professional dental treatment as soon as possible.


Vitamins and nutrients play an important role in maintaining healthy gums, which means that any deficiencies can lead to gum problems — including swollen gums. In particular, a vitamin C deficiency can lead to scurvy, and, by extension, gum disease and anemia. Through a well balanced diet and healthy lifestyle choices, you can keep your gums healthy and avoid malnutrition.

Call Us Today

In addition, there are many other symptoms that can lead to painful gums. If you’re experiencing swollen gums and want to learn more about the potential causes and medical treatments that are available, contact Center City Emergency Dentist today. We offer a variety of services that will help you maintain your teeth and gums, including both routine cleanings and exams as well as oral surgery. For additional information on our dental health services and how we can help with your long term oral health, contact us today.