What Are the Causes of Periodontal Disease?

What Are the Causes of Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is a common gum disease affecting half of the adult population in America that causes inflammation in the gums, bone loss, and even tooth loss. This disease starts off as gingivitis and, if left untreated, slowly progresses to periodontal disease. The good news is that it is curable with professional treatments from the best dentists and orthodontists in Philadelphia

The Causes

Poor Oral Hygiene: The biggest contributor to any oral health issue is poor oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing twice a day with a soft brush and quality toothpaste is essential for eliminating bacteria and keeping your mouth healthy. Those who don’t practice correct oral hygiene are more likely to develop periodontal disease because their mouth is a playground for harmful bacteria. 

Hormonal Changes: Hormonal changes in women, such as pregnancy or menopause, cause gums to become sensitive and irritated at the presence of bacteria. As a result, gums become inflamed and lead to bone loss. 

Diseases: Other diseases, such as diabetes or cancer, weaken the body’s immune system in one way or another. An ineffective immune system becomes less responsive to bacteria and infections, increasing the patient’s risk of developing periodontal disease.

Genetics: Unfortunately, our DNA plays a role in how likely we are to develop periodontal disease. Studies show that patients who have a family history of dental disease are more likely to suffer the same fate. 

The Symptoms


  • Red and swollen gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Bad breath
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • New space between teeth
  • Receding gums
  • Change in how your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Pockets of pus on gums

The Treatments

The treatment of your periodontal disease depends on a number of factors, particularly how progressed the disease is. As gingivitis, more adults can reverse the harmful effects at home by paying extra care to their oral hygiene and utilizing doctor-recommended remedies. The most advanced stages of periodontics require dentist intervention, as surgical procedures may be required. It’s hard to say which treatment is right for you without a consultation from a professional. 

Although severe periodontal disease is more prevalent in adults, children do develop gingivitis if they’re neglecting their oral care routine. Either way, it’s important to visit CCED, the local Philadelphia orthodontists serving children and adults, immediately. To schedule an appointment, contact us now!